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Get Your Flu Shot: 2018-2019 Flu Stats

Get Your Flu Shot: 2018-2019 Flu Stats

Flu activity is increasing across the U.S.!

From October 2018 to May 4, 2019

  • Hospitalizations (flu-confirmed cases since 10-1-18): 18,973

  • Pediatric deaths: 106

Influenza, or flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. The serious outcomes of flu infection can result in hospitalization or death.

Transmission

  • Infected droplets are spread as far as 6 feet away when people cough, sneeze, or talk. They land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby, or are inhaled into the lungs

  • Spread by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it, and then touching your mouth or nose. The flu virus can live on surfaces for up to 48 hours

Symptoms, if there are any, begin 1-4 days after exposure. Even those without symptoms can spread the virus to others:

  • Fever or feeling feverish with chills

  • Cough

  • Sore throat

  • Runny or stuffy nose

  • Muscle or body aches

  • Headaches

  • Tiredness

  • Vomiting and diarrhea, which is more common in children

Emergency Warning Signs: Get Medical Help!

Children

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing

  • Bluish skin color

  • Not drinking enough fluids

  • Not waking up or not interacting

  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held

  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

  • Fever with a rash

Adults

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath

  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen

  • Sudden dizziness

  • Confusion

  • Severe or persistent vomiting

  • Flu-like symptoms that improve but then return with fever and worse cough

Diagnosis is made by testing nose secretions.

Prevention

1. The single best way to protect against the flu is to get vaccinated each year. It takes about two weeks after vaccination for the body’s immune response to fully respond and for you to be protected

2. Stop the spread of germs:

  • Avoid close contact with sick people

  • While sick, limit contact with others

  • If you are sick, stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone (without using fever-reducing medication), except to get medical care

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw it in the trash

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth

  • Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with flu germs

  • Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick should not be shared without washing thoroughly first

3. Take flu antiviral drugs if your provider prescribes them

  • If you get the flu, anti-viral medications (require a prescription) can be used to treat your illness

  • They can make illness milder and shorten the time you are sick

  • Work best when started within 1-2 days of getting sick

Norovirus: Leading Cause of Vomiting and Diarrhea

Norovirus: Leading Cause of Vomiting and Diarrhea

Hepatitis A Outbreak: What You Need to Know

Hepatitis A Outbreak: What You Need to Know